Prevention Technologies

Interventions that may reduce the risk of HIV transmission

Contents

New Prevention Technologies

New biomedical approaches to reduce the risk of HIV transmission

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Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis for Prevention (PrEP)

The use of antiretroviral drugs by HIV-negative people to reduce the risk of HIV transmission before exposure

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Post-Exposure Prophylaxis for Prevention (PEP)

The use of antiretroviral drugs by HIV-negative people to reduce the risk of HIV transmission after exposure

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Treating HIV to Prevent HIV Transmission

The use of antiretroviral drugs by HIV-positive people to reduce the risk of HIV transmission

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Circumcision

Male circumcision to reduce the risk of HIV transmission

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Condoms and Other Physical Barriers

Physical barriers for vaginal, anal or oral sex to reduce the risk of HIV transmission

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Microbicides

Suppositories and topically applied treatments to reduce the risk of HIV transmission

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Treating Sexually Transmitted Infections to Prevent HIV Transmission

Screening and treatment of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to reduce the risk of HIV transmission

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Vaccines

Immunization to reduce the risk of HIV transmission and/or delay disease progression

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Combination Prevention Strategies

Combining behavioural, biomedical and structural prevention approaches to reduce the risk of HIV transmission

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Universal Precautions and Blood Product Safety

Routine practices to reduce the risks of HIV and hepatitis C transmission from occupational exposure, blood products and sharing personal grooming supplies

More on universal precautions (routine practices)