A Practical Guide to Herbal Therapies for People Living With HIV

Appendix A: Alternative names for herbal therapies

(The terms used in this guide appear in bold.)

Scientific Name

Commonly Used English Name

Other Names and Substances Derived From These Herbs

  grapefruit seed Nutribiotic, Citracidal - brand names
Allium sativum garlic  
Aloe vera aloe Acemannan - drug derived from herb
Andrographis paniculata green chiretta chuan-Hsin-Lien, chuan-Xin-Lian,
or i-chien-hsi - Chinese names
Androvir - drug derived from the herb
Arthrospira platensis spirulina one type of algae or blue-green algae
Asparagus racemosus shatvari  
Astragalus membranaceus astragalus huang-qi - Chinese name
Atractylodes macrocephala   baizhu - Chinese name
Azadiracta indica neem  
Berberis vulgaris barberry berberine - a primary ingredient
(discussed under goldenseal)
Buxus sempervirens boxwood SPV30 - drug derived from the herb
Cannabis sativa marijuana Cesamet, Marinol - drugs derived from the herb
Chelidonium majus greater celandine Ukrain - drug derived from the herb
Cocos nucifera coconut one source of monolaurin
Commiphora mukul guggul guggulipid - name of standardized product approved in India as a drug
Coptis trifolia goldenthread berberine - a primary ingredient
(discussed under goldenseal)
Curcuma longa turmeric curcumin - a primary ingredient
Echinacea purple coneflower  
Eleutherococcus senticosus Siberian ginseng wujia - Chinese name
(discussed under ginseng)
reishi (discussed under mushrooms)
Ginkgo biloba ginkgo  
Glycyrrhiza galbra licorice glycyrrhizin - injectable drug derived from this herb
Grifola frondosa maitake (discussed under mushrooms)
Hydrastis canadensis goldenseal berberine - a primary ingredient
Hypericum perforatum St. Johns wort hypericin - a primary ingredient
Hypoxis rooperi African potato one source of sterinols
Isatis tinctoria woad - European name (used as a dye)
Lentinus edodes shiitake lentinan - drug derived from herb
(discussed under mushrooms)
Lomatium dissectum desert parsley biscuitroot
Mahonia aquifolium Oregon grape berberine - a primary ingredient
(discussed under goldenseal)
Melaleuca alternifolia tea tree
Melissa officinalis lemon balm
Mentha piperita peppermint Colpermin - drug derived from herb
Olea europaea olive leaf
Panax ginseng ginseng Korean or Chinese ginseng
Panax quinquefolium American ginseng (discussed under ginseng)
Plantago isphagula psyllium
Sambucus nigra elder
Sanguinaria canadensis bloodroot
Silybum marianum milk thistle silymarin - a primary ingredient
Trichosanthes kirilowii tricosanthin guo lou - Chinese name
GLQ233 or Compound Q - both refer to an injectable drug derived from this herb
Uncaria tomentosa cats claw uña de gato - Spanish name
Withania somnifera ashwagandha Indian ginseng
Zingiber officinale ginger