Prevention in Focus

Spring 2018 

Fast Facts: New HIV diagnoses in Canada

2,344: The number of new HIV diagnoses in Canada in 2016.

                38%: Percentage of new HIV diagnoses from Ontario.

                25%: Percentage of new HIV diagnoses from Quebec.

                12%: Percentage of new HIV diagnoses from Alberta.     

12%: Increase in the number of new HIV diagnoses in Canada since 2015.

6: Average number of new HIV diagnoses per day in Canada in 2016.

6.4: Number of HIV diagnoses per 100,000 people in Canada.

                15.1: Number of HIV diagnoses per 100,000 in Saskatchewan.

                9.5: Number of HIV diagnoses per 100,000 in Manitoba.

                7.1: Number of HIV diagnoses per 100,000 in Quebec.

77%: Percentage of new HIV diagnoses that were among males.

21%: Percentage of new HIV diagnoses among Indigenous people.

22%: Percentage of new HIV diagnoses among Black people.

Male-to-male sex: The predominant mode of transmission in Canada, followed by heterosexual sex and injection drug use.

  • Male-to-male sex: Predominant mode of transmission in British Columbia, Ontario and Nova Scotia.
  • Heterosexual sex: Predominant mode of HIV transmission in Alberta and Manitoba.
  • Injection drug use: Predominant mode of HIV transmission in Saskatchewan.

References

  1. Bourgeois AC, Edmunds M, Awan A, et al. HIV in Canada—Surveillance Report, 2016. Canadian Communicable Disease Report. 2017;43(12):248256.
  2. Public Health Agency of Canada. Epidemiology of HIV and other STBBIs in Canada. [Webinar]. 30 November 2017.