Prevention in Focus

Spring 2016 

Essential resources

CATIE resources

CATIE statement on the use of condoms to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV

This CATIE statement recognizes the consistent and correct use of internal and external condoms as highly effective strategies to reduce the risk of sexual transmission of HIV. The statement provides recommendations for service providers on how they might improve the uptake and use of condoms among their clients, and reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of condoms to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV.

CATIE statement on the use of PrEP to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV

This CATIE statement recognizes the consistent and correct use of daily Truvada as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as a highly effective and safe strategy to reduce the risk of sexual transmission of HIV. The statement provides recommendations for service providers on how they might better integrate PrEP into their practice, and reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of daily PrEP to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV.

CATIE statement on the use of ART and an undetectable viral load to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV

This CATIE statement recognizes the consistent and correct use of antiretroviral treatment (ART) by people living with HIV to maintain an undetectable viral load as a highly effective strategy to reduce the risk of sexual transmission of HIV. The statement provides recommendations for service providers on how they might better integrate ART for prevention into their practice, and reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of ART and an undetectable viral load to prevent the sexual transmission of HIV.

The epidemiology of HIV in Canada

This fact sheet provides a snapshot of the HIV epidemic in Canada. The epidemiological information has been updated based on 2014 estimates from the Public Health Agency of Canada.

The epidemiology of HIV in gay men and other men who have sex with men

This fact sheet provides a snapshot of the HIV epidemic in Canada among gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM). The epidemiological information has been updated based on 2014 estimates from the Public Health Agency of Canada.

The epidemiology of HIV in people who inject drugs in Canada

This fact sheet provides a snapshot of the HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs in Canada. The epidemiological information has been updated based on 2014 estimates from the Public Health Agency of Canada.

The epidemiology of HIV in females

This fact sheet provides a snapshot of the HIV epidemic among females in Canada. The epidemiological information has been updated based on 2014 estimates and 2014 surveillance data from the Public Health Agency of Canada.

The epidemiology of HIV in youth

This fact sheet provides a summary of the HIV epidemic among youth in Canada. The epidemiological information has been updated based on 2014 estimates and 2014 surveillance data from the Public Health Agency of Canada.

HIV/AIDS in Canada

This colourful infographic poster illustrates recent statistics and information on HIV/AIDS in Canada. This infographic is based on 2014 estimates from the Public Health Agency of Canada.

Canadian resources

HIV and AIDS in Canada: Surveillance Report to December 31, 2014

This report presents an overview of the status of HIV/AIDS in Canada based on case reports of HIV and AIDS submitted by all provinces and territories.

Summary: Estimates of HIV Incidence, Prevalence and proportion Undiagnosed in Canada, 2014

This report from the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) provides estimates that describe the epidemic among all Canadians living with HIV, both diagnosed and undiagnosed.  

Estimates published in this report replace all previous estimates published by PHAC concerning HIV incidence, prevalence and proportion undiagnosed in Canada. In this summary, estimates for preceding years have been revised because updated data and new information are available, which allow for an improved analysis of the epidemic and more reliable historical estimates.

Health literacy, sexual health, and gay men: Current perspectives

This report describes the findings from a planning meeting held in October 2014 in conjunction with the 10th Annual BC Gay Men’s Health Summit, which brought together researchers, service providers, policy-makers and knowledge users to discuss and describe perspectives of health literacy and its relevance to gay men’s sexual health and HIV prevention, in order to establish a foundation for future research on this topic.

Best Practice Recommendations for Canadian Harm Reduction Programs that Provide Service to People Who Use Drugs and are at Risk for HIV, HCV, and Other Harms: Part 2

These recommendations are the second set of recommendations created by the Working Group on Best Practice for Harm Reduction Programs in Canada. They were developed to help needle and syringe programs (NSPs) and other harm reduction programs across the country improve service delivery to people who use drugs.

International resources

Guideline on when to start ART and on PrEP for HIV

This early-release guideline makes available two key recommendations that were developed during the 2015 revision process of the first World Health Organization (WHO) consolidated guidelines that were published in 2013. First, antiretroviral therapy (ART) should be initiated in everyone living with HIV at any CD4 cell count. Second, the use of daily oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is recommended as a prevention choice for people at substantial risk of HIV infection as part of combination prevention approaches.

Policy brief: Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection – What’s new

The 2015 guidelines include 10 new recommendations to improve the quality and efficiency of services to people living with HIV. Implementation of the recommendations in these guidelines on universal eligibility for ART will mean that more people will start ART earlier.