Prevention in Focus

Spring 2015 

Fast Facts: HIV infections in Canada

What does the epidemic look like in your region?

  • 3,175 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in Canada in 2011 (9.5 per 100,000 population)
  • 380 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in B.C. (8.6 per 100,000 population)
  • 250 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in Alberta (6.9 per 100,000 population)
  • 230 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in Saskatchewan (22.3 per 100,000 population)
  • 115 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in Manitoba (9.5 per 100,000 population)
  • 1,400 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in Ontario (10.9 per 100,000 population)
  • 760 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in Quebec (9.5 per 100,000 population)
  • 35 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in Atlantic Canada (1.5 per 100,000 population)

[Incidence rates calculated using 2011 census data from Statistics Canada.]

Where is HIV hitting hardest?

Aboriginal people are 4 times more likely to get HIV than non-Aboriginal Canadians

  • 30 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in every 100,000 Aboriginal Canadians
  • 8 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in every 100,000 non-Aboriginal Canadians

Canadians born in countries where HIV is endemic are 9 times more likely to get HIV than other Canadians

  • 72 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in every 100,000 Canadians born in countries where HIV is endemic
  • 8 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in every 100,000 Canadians born in Canada or other countries where HIV is not endemic

People who inject drugs are 46 times more likely to get HIV than people who don’t inject drugs

  • 431 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in every 100,000 people who inject drugs
  • 9 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in every 100,000 people who don’t inject drugs

Men who have sex with men (MSM) are 71 times more likely to get HIV than other men

  • 443 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in every 100,000 MSM
  • 6 – the estimated number of new HIV infections in every 100,000 other men

Reference

Public Health Agency of Canada. HIV/AIDS Epi Updates: National HIV Prevalence and Incidence Estimates for 2011. Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, 2014. Available at: http://www.catie.ca/sites/default/files/64-02-1226-EPI_chapter1_EN05-web_0.pdf