Prevention in Focus

Spring 2013 

Current research

Below is a list of selected Canadian HIV and hepatitis C research published in 2012/13. This includes information available in peer-reviewed publications and grey literature (such as research reports). The links will take you to either the full text of the publication or, when unavailable, to the abstract.

Epidemiology

Summary: Estimates of HIV prevalence and incidence in Canada, 2011
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HIV and AIDS in Canada: Surveillance report to December 31, 2011
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British Columbia annual summary of reportable diseases – 2011
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HIV/AIDS in Ontario: Preliminary report, 2010
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Shifting sands: Changing regional and gender-specific patterns of HIV/AIDS mortality in Canada, 1987 to 2008
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A population-based study of the epidemiology of hepatitis C in a North American population
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Specific populations

HIV mother-to-child transmission, model of delivery, and duration of rupture of membranes: experience in the current era
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A national review of vertical HIV transmission
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Tattooing and risk of hepatitis B: A systematic review and meta-analysis
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HIV risks associated with tattooing, piercing, scarification and acupuncture
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Risk factors for mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis C virus: Maternal high viral load and fetal exposure in the birth canal
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Unravelling barriers to accessing HIV prevention services experienced by African and Caribbean communities in Canada: Lessons from Toronto
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The MaBwana Black men’s study: Community and belonging in the lives of African, Caribbean and other Black gay men in Toronto
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Comparisons of disparities and risks of HIV infection in black and other men who have sex with men in Canada, UK, and USA: a meta-analysis
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The impact of stressful life events on unprotected anal intercourse among gay and bisexual men
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Incidence and risk factors for non-fatal overdose among a cohort of recently incarcerated illicit drug users
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Drug use patterns in the presence of crack in downtown Montreal
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Transmission of Hepatitis C virus among people who inject drugs: viral stability and association with drug preparation equipment
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Prevalence of tuberculosis, hepatitis C virus, and HIV in homeless people: a systematic review and meta-analysis
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“We don’t exist”: a qualitative study of marginalization experienced by HIV-positive lesbian, bisexual, queer and transgender women in Toronto, Canada
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High heterogeneity of HIV-related sexual risk among transgender people in Ontario, Canada: a province-wide respondent-driven sampling survey 
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A profile of high school students in rural Canada who exchange sex for substances
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Risk of depression and multiple sexual risk-taking behaviours in adolescents in Nova Scotia, Canada
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Prevention approaches

Integrated prevention services for HIV infection, viral hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases, and tuberculosis for persons who use drugs illicitly: Summary guidance from CDC and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
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Development, implementation, and evaluation of a student-initiated undergraduate medical education elective in HIV care
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HIV prevention in the context of care: HIV testing and public heath practice
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HIV treatment as prevention among injection drug users
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Canada’s highest court unchains injection drug users; implications for harm reduction as standard of healthcare
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Opiate substitution treatment and HIV transmission in people who inject drugs: systematic review and meta-analysis
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Biomedical interventions

Guidance on pre-exposure oral prophylaxis (PrEP) for serodiscordant couples, men and transgender women who have sex with men at high risk of HIV: Recommendations for use in the context of demonstration projects
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Optimizing the engagement of care cascade: a critical step to maximize the impact of HIV treatment as prevention
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Testing and counselling

HIV testing in community settings in resource-rich countries: A systematic review of the evidence
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Factors that affect HIV testing and counseling services among heterosexuals in Canada and the United Kingdom: an integrated review
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Internet-based HIV and sexually transmitted infection testing in British Columbia, Canada: options and expectations of prospective clients
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Rapid HIV testing in correctional facilities
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Accuracy of rapid and point-of-care screening tests for hepatitis C: A systematic review and meta-analysis
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How criminalization is affecting people living with HIV in Ontario
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Surveys

2012 HIV/AIDS attitudinal tracking survey: final report
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