HIV in Canada: A primer for service providers

People With and At Risk for HIV

Key Points

  • There were an estimated 2,570 new HIV infections in 2014 (incidence).
  • An estimated 75,500 Canadians were living with HIV in 2014 (prevalence).*
  • An estimated 0.2% of Canadians were living with HIV in 2014 (HIV prevalence rate).
  • An estimated 21% of Canadians living with HIV were not aware of their infection in 2014.

An estimated 2,570 new HIV infections occurred in Canada in 2014 which is slightly lower than the estimated 2,800 new infections in 2011.

An estimated 75,500 Canadians were living with HIV at the end of 2014. This represents an increase of 6,700 infections (9.7%) since 2011. An estimated 0.2% of Canadians were living with HIV in 2014 (prevalence rate).

Of the estimated 75,500 people living with HIV in Canada in 2014, an estimated 21% (16,020 people) were unaware they are living with HIV. This varies considerably by HIV transmission route. Amongst people whose HIV infection was acquired through male-to-male sex, an estimated 18% were unaware of their infection. Amongst people whose HIV infection was acquired through injection drug use, an estimated 20% were unaware of their infection. Amongst those whose HIV infection was acquired through heterosexual sex, an estimated 28% were unaware of their infection.

Infographics are available which graphically display HIV prevalence by region, HIV incidence by region, and HIV incidence for certain populations. Please note that these pertain to 2011 estimates as 2014 estimates are as yet unavailable.

*NOTE: In December 2016, the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) released revised estimates for prevalence and the proportion of people unaware of their status. When complete updated estimates are available from PHAC, HIV in Canada will be updated.

Resources

The epidemiology of HIV in Canada – CATIE fact sheet

Summary: Estimates of HIV Incidence, Prevalence and Proportion Undiagnosed in Canada, 2014 – Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC)

Summary: Measuring Canada's Progress on the 90-90-90 HIV Targets – PHAC

HIV/AIDS in Canada – CATIE infographic

HIV in Canada – PHAC infographic

Sources

  1. Public Health Agency of Canada. Summary: Estimates of HIV Incidence, Prevalence and Proportion Undiagnosed in Canada, 2014. Surveillance and Epidemiology Division, Professional Guidelines and Public Health Practice Division, Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, 2015. Available at: http://www.catie.ca/en/resources/summary-estimates-hiv-incidence-prevalence-and-proportion-undiagnosed-canada-2014