Gay Men’s Sexual Health Knowledge Centre

Key Research and Reports

There is a growing movement in Canada and elsewhere to re-frame HIV treatment and prevention among gay men in the more holistic context of their health and well-being rather than focusing solely on HIV status and safer sex practices. This movement has been spurred on by a number of key reports and an evolution in the complexity – and amount – of Canadian research done on a local, regional and national scale with gay/bi/2-spirit/MSM men.

See more comprehensive lists of all gay/bi/2-spirit/MSM-related key research and key reports.

Key Reports: High-Level Documents and Frameworks

What exactly do we mean when we say “sexual health promotion” or “gay men’s health”? The following key documents provide frameworks that help to guide our thinking on what an effective Canadian HIV and STI response for gay/bi/2-spirit/MSM men should look like.

Population-Specific HIV/AIDS Status Report: Gay, Bisexual, Two-Spirit and Other Men Who Have Sex With Men

Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), 2013

Gay, bisexual, two-spirit and other men who have sex with men are a key population identified in The Federal Initiative to Address HIV/AIDS in Canada. The status report presents current Canadian information about the impact of HIV/AIDS among gay, bisexual, two-spirit and other men who have sex with men in Canada, including a demographic profile of the population; epidemiological data about HIV and AIDS in the population; information on the factors that increase this population’s vulnerability to, and resilience against, HIV; and an outline of recent Canadian research and response initiatives.

This report is intended for individuals involved in the development of HIV/AIDS policy, programs and research activities targeting this population.

Recognizing the Needs of Diverse Communities: HiM’s Community Consultation of Gay Men & OMSM

Health Initiative for Men, 2012

Given that gay men and other men who have sex with men (OMSM) continue to be disproportionally affected by HIV/AIDS in British Columbia, the Vancouver Coastal Health Authority through the STOP HIV/AIDS program contracted Health Initiative for Men to conduct a community consultation project among gay men and OMSM. The community consultation was designed to determine where and how these men access health services (including HIV testing services) and information. The consultation also sought to assess the availability and appropriateness of services for gay men and OMSM, and to increase the uptake of health and testing services among these men, including (but not limited to) sub groups such as younger men, men who access sex venues, and visible minorities.

The results of this STOP HIV/AIDS-supported initiative is now available as a community consultation report and summarized briefing.

Impact, Resistance & Resilience: Proceedings of the 6th BC Gay Men’s Health Summit

Community-Based Research Centre, 2011

The 6th BC Gay Men’s Health Summit was held November 25-26, 2010. This summary of the proceedings reviews key points and recommendations.


New Directions in Gay Men's Health and HIV Prevention in Canada: Pan-Canadian Deliberative Dialogue Report, 2010

CATIE, 2010

There is a growing movement in Canada and elsewhere to re-frame HIV prevention among gay men in the more holistic context of their health and well-being rather than focusing solely on their HIV status and safer sex practices. A one-day satellite conference preceding the Canadian HIV/AIDS Skills Building Symposium: Leading Together in March 2010 brought together 40 community programmers, policy makers and researchers involved in gay men’s health and HIV initiatives across the country to discuss this new direction. This report documents their deliberations and recommendations for future directions.

Exposing the Determinants: 2009 5th Annual Gay Men’s Health Summit

Community-Based Research Centre, 2009

English Only

The 5th BC Gay Men’s Health Summit focused on the broad determinants of health impacting on gay men – especially social effects beyond our control. The proceedings detail how gay men’s health disparities are rendered invisible to Canadian policy by lack of data. Changes to the census, community led audits for institutional disparities and a national determinants survey of gay men are recommended.

Québec Policy against homophobia: Moving together towards social equality

Gouvernement du Québec, 2009

This policy constitutes one of the key elements in a broader strategy leading to the full and complete recognition of the sexual minorities, institutional and community support for the sexual minorities, and improved knowledge about sexual diversity. It is one of a range of policies and strategies designed to achieve similar objectives in terms of the equality of other groups in the population such as women, young people, the disabled and people living in poverty, and their full participation in society.

Valuing Gay Men's Lives: Reinvigorating HIV Prevention in the Context of Our Health and Wellness

Gay & Lesbian Health Services of Saskatoon, 2001

A convergence of recently changing contexts, including gay communities, their changing experience of HIV and their relation to it, as well as the context of federal health policy, has shifted the ground of HIV prevention among gay men in Canada. Drawing on a substantial research report commissioned by the Gay and Lesbian Health Services of Saskatoon, this strategy document proposes a national strategy framework, taking the lead from gay men active within their communities.

Framing gay men's health in a population health discourse: a discussion paper

Gay & Lesbian Health Services of Saskatoon, 2000

This document seeks to map out the emergent area of gay men's health, primarily within social science literature; community-based, public and professional association reports; and medical literature and other types of documents. It explores the relation and relevance of a population health approach to the area of gay men's health. It outlines various "determinants of health" as they relate specifically to gay men in Canada. It identifies and explores implications for re-framing HIV-transmission prevention strategies with gay men.

Other international reports:

Highlighted Canadian Research

A strong research and evidence base about gay/bi/2-spirit/MSM men’s health is an important part of building a strong, effective response to HIV/AIDS, STIs, and other health inequalities faced by gay/bi/2-spirit/MSM men.

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M-Track Survey

Public Health Agency of Canada

M-Track is a second generation surveillance system -- regularly repeated surveys conducted at different sites across Canada -- uncovering Canadian trends in HIV, viral hepatitis (hepatitis C), sexually transmitted infections and related risk behaviours among gay, bisexual men, two-spirit men, and other men who have sex with men.

M-Track generates comparable data on HIV and sexual behaviours -- across the country and over time. The information collected and generated by M-Track will be used by local, provincial and national health organizations to improve the planning of their prevention programs and activities.1

Phase 1 of the M-Track Survey was undertaken between 2005 and 2007 in five Canadian sites: Victoria, Winnipeg, Toronto, Ottawa and Montréal. Each site has a unique project name and separate reporting mechanisms.

Vancouver: the ManCount Survey

Community Report:

Man Count: Sizes-up the Gaps
Community Based Research Centre, 2010

This report of an HIV surveillance study in Vancouver's gay scene details findings, with info-graphics and a full description of their context. Dried blood samples revealed that 1 in 5 men visiting Vancouver cafes and bars had HIV and that 1 in 40 were unaware of their positive status. Written for non-science readers, the report provides a snapshot of sexual health in Vancouver in 2008 and indicates potential strategies for future prevention policy and practice.

Toronto and Ottawa: the Lambda Study

Community Report:

Snapshots from the Lambda Survey of gay and bisexual men
University of Toronto, 2011
English, French

The Lambda Community report presents HIV surveillance study findings, with info-graphics as well as a full description of the context and provides a snapshot of sexual health in Toronto and Ottawa and presents potential strategies for future prevention policy and practice. Lambda sought to collect information about risk behaviours associated with HIV/STI infection and general issues relevant to sexual health and sexual behaviour among MSM.

Montréal: The ARGUS Survey

Community Report:

Highlights – Argus 2008-2009
Direction de santé publique de l'Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, Institut national de santé publique du Québec,  2011
English, French

National M-Track Report

M-Track: Enhanced Surveillance of HIV, Sexually Transmitted and Blood-borne Infections, and Associated Risk Behaviours among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Canada, Phase 1 Report.
Public Health Agency of Canada, 2011
English, French

This report is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the M-Track surveillance data from a national perspective. It provides useful information for public health action, policy development and program evaluation.

Sex Now Survey

Community Based Research Centre

The Sex Now Survey is conducted annually by the Community Based Research Centre. What began as a provincial survey for British Columbia has become the largest on-line health survey of gay men in Canada.

Sex Now 2011 Survey Report

Community Based Research Centre, 2014
English, French

Sex Now is an annual survey about sex between men. This is the report from a survey of 8,607 gay, bisexual and men who have sex with men from across Canada.

Reports of previous years’ Sex Now Surveys can be found on the Sex Now Library website.

Male Call Canada

University of Toronto

Researchers from several universities across the country, community partners and a national advisory  group have recently finished collecting data for the Male Call Canada study, an initiative that they hope will help build a healthier community. Male Call Canada was a national, bilingual toll-free telephone survey of the attitudes, knowledge and sexual behaviours of men who have, or have had, sex with men.

Aboriginal Two-Spirit and LGBTQ Migration, Mobility and Health Research Project

University of Manitoba | 2-Spirited People of the 1st Nations, 2011

This qualitative, community-based research project explored the trajectories of migration of Aboriginal people who identify as Two-Spirit, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and/or queer (LGBTQ) and the impact of mobility on health and wellness. Their focus on migration included movement from First Nation reserve communities to urban centres or rural communities (and back and forth) as well as staying or moving within one place. They were interested in the intersection between sexual and gender identities with cultural/Nation and other identities within the historical and present context of colonization in Canada.

If you know of an important high-level document or national research project that should be shared nationally, please contact us.